Infertility Levels: What is Normal?

Often infertility is diagnosed on a woman when the blood is tested and the reproductive hormones will appear at what’s considered infertility levels.

Below are the main female reproductive hormones and their normal levels. Levels that are higher or lower are considered to be deficient.

Normal Fertility Levels

infertility test resultsDay one is the first day of menstrual bleeding.

Estradiol (E2) – also called estrogen – “normal” levels at day three should be 25-75 pg/ml, at days 4/5 should be at 100+ pg/ml and at the day of surge (the day the mature follicle pops out an egg) should be at 200+ pg/ml.

Follicle stimulating hormone or FSH should be at 3-20 mIU/ml at day three.

Luteinizing hormone (LH) day three less than 7 mIU/ml and at surge greater than 20 mIU/ml.

Progesterone (P4) less than 1.5 ng/ml on day three and should rise up to greater than 15 ng/ml at 7 days post ovulation.

Prolactin at day three less than 24 ng/ml.

Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) at day three 18-114 mnol/l.

Infertility Levels May Be Anything Outside the Normal Range

These are normal ranges – and readings that appear above or below could be indicative of possible infertility.

There are a panel of other hormones that can be tested, if infertility is suspected and these levels rule out any indications, more blood tests can be run to determine the root of the problem. Often an imbalance of hormones can throw the entire endocrine system off with infertility being one of the many signs.

Unbalanced hormones are fairly easy to bring back into balance with medications and careful observation of a physician. Even diet and environment can play a role in helping to balance the body’s reproductive system.

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HCG Infertility Treatments

What is the hCG infertility connection?  Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a hormone produced when an egg pops from the ovary and when fertilized egg implants into the uterine wall. However the inability to become pregnant is what is known as infertility. A big majority of infertility issues stem from hormonal imbalances. If the hormones are out of balance, this throws off the reproductive cycle. hCG is also used in “fertility drugs” and is given as an infertility treatment in some cases.

infertility treatments

What is it?

If hCG is a hormone produced in the female body you may wonder how it’s used in fertility drugs. hCG is taken out of the urine of pregnant women. hCG is used in fertility treatments to help stimulate ovulation.

hCG is secreted by the pituitary gland just like the lutenizing hormone (LH) is. At this point in the reproductive cycle hCG’s main function is to help the ovaries to produce more eggs.

HCG Fertility Treatments for Men and Women

Giving hCG as a fertility treatment in drug form helps to treat the inability to ovulate (anovulation), helps to regulate the menstrual cycle and helps patients with PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome).

hCG can also be used in fertility treatments for men, as it helps to boost the level of the hormone testosterone and the sperm count.

Will The Treatment Work?

hCG is normally given as a drug in an injection. Normally it’s just takes one dosage a month for successful treatment. Some physicians will allow the patient to give the injection to themselves, if treatments need to be ongoing. Progress with this drug needs to be monitored closely and measures taken to increase the chances of conception happening.

90% of females on hCG injections have seen successful ovulations. The hCG helps to increase the conception rate by 15 % each cycle. The rate increases even more if intra-uterine insemination (artificial insemination) is used.

Side Effects

Side effects of treating with hCG include nausea, headaches, moodiness, fatigue, sore breasts, abdominal discomfort, weight gain, water retention and an increased risk of conceiving multiple fetuses. Your fertility specialist will go over these and other possible symptoms before you undergo the hCG infertility treatments.

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